QUESTIONS COMING FROM:
hellow po ask ko lng sana tama nga ba na ipagdiwang ang mahal na araw na ginagawa ng mga katoliko. at tama din ba buwan kung saan ginaganap itong gawain na ito. tama rin po ba ginagawa mga tao na nagpapako cla sa krus upang matanggal daw or mabawasan ang kanilang mga kasalanan I, hope na masasagot po ang aking katanungan from the Bible po sana manggagaling ang kasagutan sana hindi lng sa opinion ng tao.
These are our humble answers of the questions posted by our guest/visitor, as
1. Tama nga ba na ipagdiwang ang mahal na araw na ginagawa ng mga katoliko.
2. Tama din ba ang buwan kung saan ginagawa itong gawain na ito?
3. Tama rin po ba ginagawa ng mga tao na nagpapako sila sa krus upang matanggal daw o mabawasan ang kanilang kasalanan?
I hope na masasagot po ang aking katanungan from the bible,… sana hindi lang sa opinion ng tao.
At the outset, we are thankful for our guest who asked sincere questions, for he can expect honest answers. We wish to inform our guests that it is our intension to give you the basic answers possible with scriptural and traditional citations. We also assure you that all the principal doctrines and practices of the Catholic Church are founded on the Holy Scriptures and the Apostolic Traditions.
We, however, take this opportunity of reminding our readers that in order to have a right understanding of the scripture, one should have in mind its varied senses, principally, the literal or historical sense (Luke 22: 19-20), as it differs from the typical or spiritual sense (Neh.8:8) (2 Cor.3:6). We should be detached on the notion that the reader of the bible is the sole interpreter of its message. No! There are more than thirty (30) thousands Christians sects now claiming to be right in their own interpretation because, allegedly, they have the Holy Spirit with them, but sad to note, that they are contradicting and warring to each other in doctrines and practices. Which of these denominations has the divine enlightenment of the Holy Spirit, if there is any? Remember, there is only one Holy Spirit, the spirit of truth (John 14: 16-17) and he cannot teach the truth to one sect and sham or false doctrines to others. Logically speaking, when there are two or more contradictory hypotheses presented , these could NEVER be all true, these could, however , be all false.God never promise for the Holy Spirit to abide to every reader of the Holy Scriptures, but to His Church alone (John 14: 26), the pillar and mainstay of the truth (1 Tim.3 :15 ). Have you cared to ask yourself : is the denomination to which I am now belong, the true Church founded by Christ and endowed by the power of the Holy Spirit at the day of Pentecost?
Before, however, we give our answers to the above- cited questions, we wish to correct the phrase: “mahal na araw” to mahal na linggo, or “SEMANA SANTA” , for simple reason that the celebration is not only for one day but for seven days, hence, the term Holy Week.
Going back to the questions, the first and the second questions could be answered together in the positive. Yes, it is rightful, lawful, beneficial and dutiful to be celebrating the Holy Week on March or April of every year ( or equivalent to Abib or Nissan of the Jewish Calendar). As the people of God, and the new Israel, the Catholic Church celebrated it with full solemnity in commemoration of that bloddy but heroic sacrifice and death of our Lord Jesus Christ on the cross to remind us of our full redemption of our sins.
As the old chosen people of God, the Jews were celebrating the Feast of Passover and the Unleavened Bread in commemoration of their redemption of God from slavery of the hands of the Egyptians (Exodus 12: 12-13). They celebrated it at every 14th day of the first month (or Abib of the Jewish Calendar) to last for 7 days, ” Moses said to the people, Remember this day on which you came out of Egypt, that place of slavery… This day of your departure is in the month of Abib… For seven days you shall eat unleavened bread, and on the seven day shall also be a festival to the Lord” and to bring their sacrifice offering in this solemn gathering or assembly (Exodus 13:3-6) (Lev. 23: 4-12, 14) (Numbers 28: 16-18)
The above-mentioned feast was ordained by God to be celebrated by the children of Israel in every place they dwell as a perpetual statute or institution (Exodus 12:14) (Leviticus 23:14). As such, Jesus in his time have celebrated this feast with a supper together with his disciples, “Now it was two days before the Passover and the feast of the Unleavened Bread; the chief priest and the Scribes were seeking how they might seize him by stealth and put him to death” (Matthew 26:17) (Mark 14:1). It was this very occasion that Judas’ plan to betray Jesus was made known by Jesus to all his disciples, his institution of the Sacrament of the Holy Eucharist before he was delivered by the betrayer to the High Priest that led his crucifixion and death on that first Good Friday we had just celebrated (Matt. 26: 18-29) (Mark 14: 12-25). From Jesus Christ to his apostles, then after his Ascension to heaven, the infant Church, it had been celebrating this feast (Acts 12:3) (1 Cor. 5: 6-8).
The Catholic Church is celebrating the Holy Week every year from and within the months of March 21 to April 22 after the full moon. If the full moon occurs within March 21 to 31, then it is possible that the Good Friday will be on the month of March, as we celebrated this year: March 29, 2013. However, if the full moon occurs within April 1 to 22, the Good Friday shall be celebrated on the month of April, as we have been celebrating it years before. For an easy determination of the Good Friday of every year, it is determined first, when shall the full moon be. Will it be on the month of March or April? The Sunday that follows the full moon is the Easter Sunday. The Friday that precedes the Easter Sunday, is the Good Friday.
The question is : Why determine the full moon? As we said, the feast of Passover and the Unleavened Bread was celebrated by the people of Israel as their commemoration of their redemption from the bondage of slavery from the hands of the Egyptians. When they left Egypt, it was night time (Exodus 12:42). The feast of Passover and the Unleavened Bread is the celebrated after the feast of the New Moon, “On the first of each month you shall offer as a holocaust to the Lord… This is the new moon holocaust for every new moon of the year” (Numbers 28: 11-14). After the feast of the new moon, follows the feast of Passover and Unleavened Bread, ” On the 14th day of the first month falls the Passover of the Lord, and the 15th day of this month is the pilgrimage feast. For seven days unleavened bread is to eaten. On the first of these days you shall hold a sacred assembly, and do not sort of work…. On the 7th day you hold a sacred assembly, and do not sort of work” (Numbers 28:16-25). If the new moon is celebrated on the 1st day of Abib following the Jewish Calendar, just add 15 days from the new moon, will be the usual full moon. The feast of Passover is celebrated during full moon. This year, under the Gregorian Calendar the new moon falls on March 12, then, add 15 days from the March 12, we have March 27, as the full moon. The Sunday that follows the March 27, is the Easter Sunday. March 31. The Friday that precedes March 31, is the Good Friday, March 29, 2013..
As regards to the last question, the Church respects the intentions of those people who nailed themselves on the cross during the Good Friday. But the Church had never commanded or even recommended this type of sacrifices to be offered. The Church believed that Christ crucifixion and death was enough for the salvation of the whole mankind. It is now replaced, from that bloody sacrifice of Christ on the Calvary to an unbloody sacrifice of the Holy Mass offered daily in the whole world from the shining to the setting of the sun (Malachias 1:11). What sacrifices, the Church wished her people to offer is a sacrifice of conversion of one self, a change of heart and a sacrifice for the service to humanity.
ABOUT ATTY. MIGUEL “Mike” ABAS;
is a Catholic Faith Defenders Director Dipolog City Chapter, Former CFD National President, Certified Public Accountant, Master in Business Administration, Legal Counsel (Diocese of Dipolog)
POSTED BY:ADMINISTRATOR (CFD DIPOLOG CITY CHAPTER BLOG)
GOD BLESS US ALL!!!! PRO DEO ET ECCLESIA