THE FORMATION OF CONSCIENCE
1783 Conscience must be informed and moral judgement enlightened. A well- formed conscience is upright and truthful. It formulates its judgements according to reason, in conformity with the true good willed by the wisdom of Creator. The education of conscience is indispensable for human beings who are subjected to negative influences and tempted by sin to prefer their own judgement and to reject authoritative teachings.
1784 The education of the conscience is a lifelong task. From the earliest years, it awakens the child to the knowledge and practice of the interior law recognized by conscience. Prudent education teaches virtue; it prevents or cures fear, selfishness and pride, resentment arising from guilt, and feelings of complacency, born of human weakness and faults. The education of the conscience guarantees freedom and engenders peace of heart.
SOURCE: CATECHISM OF THE CATHOLIC CHURCH